“Emergency contraception mainly comprises of two methods. They are Hormonal emergency contraception and Copper intrauterine devices”
If you have had sex without using any contraception, or you think that your contraception might have failed, then you must use emergency contraception. There are two methods of emergency contraception. They are:
- Hormonal Emergency Contraception (known as emergency contraceptive pill)
- The copper intrauterine device (IUD)
Both these methods are really effective at preventing pregnancy if they are used soon after having unprotected sex.
Emergency Contraceptive Pill
Some famous emergency contraceptive pills are:
- Ella- It is a newer type of contraceptive pill that can be taken up to 5 day (120 hours) after having unprotected sex. It is believed to be more effective then levonorgestrel ECP’s.
- Levonorgestrel- It is a manufactured hormone used in number of birth control methods. In pill form, it is sold under the brand name Plan B. It is effective if taken within 120 hours of unprotected sex.
COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)
The copper Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a small, plastic and copper device. It has to be fitted into your womb by a doctor or nurse within 5 days of having unprotected sex.
An IUD stops sperm from reaching the egg and fertilizing it. It is the most effective and reliable method of emergency contraception as it prevents up to 99% of pregnancies.
The emergency IUD is to be fitted by a trained doctor or nurse in any sexual health clinic or local contraception clinic.