A thick whitish or sometimes whitish-yellow discharge is often referred to a Leucorrhea. Although there are multiple reasons behind this problem but the major one is hormonal imbalance. The quantity of discharge varies with the vaginal infection.

Causes of Leucorrhea: Main causes of leucorrhea includes:

  1. Improper eating.
  2. Examination of vaginal discharge from the laboratory.
  3. Frequent cultures.
  4. Waking up late.
  5. Hormonal disorder.
  6. Abrasion due to itching.

The vagina is just a passageway to through the waste in the form of urine from the body. It also act like a reproductive organ of a women. As the pH of vagina is acidic so it act oppositely to growth of infections. Any imbalance or damage to the vaginal discharge leads to the formation of infection at a place.

Composition of Discharge: The discharge contains water, urea, lactic acid, pyridine, and squalene, complex alcohols and ketones, epithelial cells and leukocytes.

A white discharge from the vagina is mostly considered normal in every woman. The color of this discharge mostly becomes yellow, when dried on the underwear. Now, we are going to discuss the reasons behind changes in the normal discharge. This include menstrual period, physical factors, stress and pregnancy.

The Effect of Menstrual period

The pH value of vaginal generally fluctuates during the menstrual period and woman may find increased moisture content at genitals between the periods. The infections during the menstrual period are quite common.

Types of Leucorrhea: There are 2 types of Leucorrhea namely inflammatory and physiological. The latter one is experienced by almost all the women which occurred due to the defense mechanism of organism. The vaginal flexibility restores with the adjacent tissues.

If we talk of the inflammatory one, then this happens due to swollen vaginal mucosa. Main indication of this infection is thick white discharge with foul smell. It can also be caused with STDs or lochia.

Signs and Symptoms:

The symptoms of leucorrhea can appear at any age and are normally an expression of organic condition. These symptoms are resultant of any damages done to the reproductive organs.

Any change in the color of vaginal discharge or odor can be a sign of this infection. Other signs are discussed here as under:

  • Itching, redness and thick white discharge.
  • Frequent and ample leucorrhea.
  • Burning sensation while urination.
  • Yellowish and greenish discharge with foul smell.

Types

  • Cyclical: Discharge without odor.
  • Ovulatory: Discharge after ovulation.
  • Candidiasis: Inflamed cervix and thick whitish discharge.
  • Ruptured fetal membranes: Clear discharge with pH above 4.5.
  • Trichomoniasis: Abundant discharge.
  • Chlamydia: Foul smelly discharge.
  • Gonorrhea: Decayed discharge.
  • Bacterial vaginosis: Greenish discharge.

Diagnosis

To identify the leucorrhea, one should follow below mentioned procedure:

  1. Giemsa stained rubbing.
  2. Examination of vaginal discharge from the laboratory.
  3. Frequent cultures.
  4. Use of smear microscopy to detect the estrogenic activity or evaluation of cell contents.
  5. Biopsy test is also recommended.
  6. Determination of pH value of vaginal and cervical.

pH testing: The normal range of vaginal pH is 3.9 to 4.5. If there is any amniotic fluid present inside it then the value increases above 4.5 which can further result in trichomoniasis and vaginosis.

Treatment: The treatment is done according to the leucorrhea etiology which includes dietary changes, systematic antibiotic and antifungal treatment.

Diet changes: It is recommended to lessen the intake of carbohydrates and increase the consumption of protein supplemented diet so as to pacify the urine discharge. Foods like yogurt, sour milk and kefir rich in lactobacillus should be consumed repeatedly in a day. Use supplements for vitamin C, B and A for a period of 1 month.

How to prevent leucorrhea?

  1. The vaginal area should be kept free from moisture.
  2. No excessive showers during itching and leucorrhea.
  3. Use external pads during copious leukorrhea.
  4. Take a healthy diet and drink sufficient amount of water.
  5. Avoid sex during leucorrhea.

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