HIV/AIDS

What Is HIV? What Are Its Stages And Cure?

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a deadly virus that is spread through specific body HIVfluids, which attacks the immune system of the human body. To be more precise, HIV is responsible for deteriorating T Cells in layman language (CD4 cells in medical terms). After entering into the body, HIV is going to destroy these cells one by one, and thus disabling the ability of the body to fight off diseases and infections. The number of T Cells reduces in the body causing the immune system to virtually shut down. The body couldn’t fight off the diseases and the infections. Eventually, a person dies due to its inability to hold up against all the alien elements.

Where did HIV come from?

HIV is an infection that is found in the chimpanzee of Central Africa. In Chimpanzee, the infection is known as Simian Immunodeficiency (SIV). When human beings hunted Chimpanzees for meat and skin, then this virus got inside their bodies and mutated into the HIV. And, as it happened in other cases as well, the infection had not remained confined to Central Africa, and spread to other parts of the world. Now, the number of HIV patients are in millions, which pose a huge risk to the mankind because the chances of this infection turning into an epidemic has become greater.

Stages of HIV

There are three stages in which HIV is progressed. There is a therapy called Antiretroviral Therapy (ART), which is used to slow the rate of progression of the infection in all three stages. With the right dosage of the medicine, an infected person can avoid getting into the next stage of the disease.

Stage 1: Acute HIV Infection

A person may feel ill as if he/she has flu after two to four weeks of the virus entering into the body. The illness will not be severe and sometimes, it is hard to detect. Therefore, it is important to undergo a 4th generation antibody test, which is also known as the antigen test. There is a NAT test (Nucleic Acid), which can be done.

Stage 2: Clinical Latency

During this stage, the HIV infection doesn’t produce any symptom, but remains active in the body. Even after taking medicine for the treatment of HIV, it could persists for a decade or so. It is important for HIV infected people to continue the medication because they have to lower the effect of the virus. They have to understand that in this stage, they can transmit the disease to others. When this stage is about to get over, then the CD4 cell count starts to deplete and the symptoms starts showing up in the body, thus bringing the person to the third stage.

Stage 3: AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

AIDS is the 3rd and the most critical stage of HIV. The immune system of the person suffering from AIDS is so badly ruined that he/she will feel extremely ill all the times. The survival rate of a person having AIDS is going to survive for three years. A person affected with AIDS will have a number of symptoms such as weight loss, fever, weakness, chills, swollen lymph glands and sweats. The T Cells count drops to 200 cells/mm, which means that they are highly infectious.

Signs and symptoms of HIV AIDS in Men

  1. Fever.
  2. Body Rash.
  3. Sore Throat.
  4. Frequent Headaches.
  5. Nausea & Vomiting.
  6. Joint Pain & Muscle Aches.
  7. Fatigue.
  8. Night Sweats.
  9. Ulcers in the mouth and genitals.
  10. Swollen Lymph Nodes.

Signs and Symptoms of HIV AIDS in Women

  1. Skin Rash.
  2. Sore Throat.
  3. Fever.
  4. Swollen Lymph Nodes,
  5. Fatigue.
  6. Joint Pain.
  7. Muscle Aches.
  8. Night Sweats.
  9. Nausea & Vomiting.

How does HIV AIDS effect a woman during pregnancy?

Unfortunately, a pregnant woman who is suffering from HIV AIDS is going to pass the disease to her baby in the womb, during birth or at the time of breastfeeding. In order to avoid such situations, it has become mandatory for women to undergo HIV tests during pregnancy or delivery in order to find out if she is infected with HIV. If she is, then she is prescribed the medication and the necessary treatment.

Curing HIV

There is no concrete cure for HIV, but there are medicines through which, HIV can be controlled. There is a therapy called Antiretroviral Therapy or ART, which can be taken on a daily basis to control the HIV infection and prolong the life. The transition time from one stage to another is reduced by taking ART, so every person who is suffering from HIV should consider taking ART.