Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

What Is HPV? How Is It Spread And What Is Its Cure?

Human PapillomavirusHPV is Human Papillomavirus, and it is the most common STI, i.e., sexually transmitted infection in the world today. HPV is often confused with HSV and HIV, so it is to be kept in mind that HPV is a different virus that affect all men and women who remain sexually active for a long period of time. HPV can be controlled and cured by taking the right vaccinations. HPV don’t usually cause severe health problems, as a person suffering from HPV is most likely to get genital warts. In rare cases, HPV has caused cancer as well.

How HPV is spread from one person to another?

HPV is transmitted from one person to another during sexual intercourse. A person infected with HPV when undergoes oral, vaginal or anal sex with another person, then the virus is ought to transmit. The virus can also be transferred when a person has no symptoms or signs for the virus.

It is possible for a person to get HPV if he/she have sex with only one person. It is not necessary for a person to develop the symptoms right away, as sometimes, it could take months or even years to develop symptoms.

How does HPV affect the health of a person?

In the majority of the cases, HPV doesn’t cause any health problems and disappears after a period of time, but when it doesn’t, then it will be present in the form of genital warts and even cancer.

Genital warts are small bumps that appears in the genital area, and they can be of any size. Genital warts can be treated after taking the medicines that are prescribed by a doctor.

How often HPV transforms into cancer?

HPV can cause cancer of the penis, vagina, vulva and anus. Some people can get cancer in the base of the tongue, back of the throat and tonsils.

It will take a lot of time (decades at times) to develop cancer. It is not necessary that the HPV, which has caused genital warts are the same, which will cause cancer.

People having less immunity levels will have more health problems from HPV than the ones who have a strong immunity system.

How to avoid getting HPV?

There are a few things that a person can do to avoid HPV, these are;

  1. Get the shot for HPV, as it can protect both men and women against this infection. People are supposed to get three shots in the timespan of six months.
  2. Get diagnosed for cervical cancer. This is for women because they are the ones to develop cervical cancer.
  3. If a men is sexually active and want to continue in the same way, then it is important for him to use latex condoms every time he have sex. But, there is always a chance that HPV will affect the area, which are not covered by the condom. Therefore, it is better to have sex with only one person.

Who needs to get the vaccination?

  • Girls and boys who are entering into their teen stage should get the vaccination. There are certain catch-up vaccines for men who are 21 years of age and women who are 26 years of age who didn’t get the vaccination when they were 11 or 12 years old. Bisexual people can also get the vaccination to get protection against the infection.

How to detect HPV?

There aren’t any test to detect if a person is suffering from HPV. There are certain HPV tests that are used to detect cervical cancer. Usually women who are above 30 years of age undergo such tests. Men, teens and women below 30 years of age don’t undergo such tests. If a person finds genital warts in his/her body, then there is a huge possibility of him/her being infected with HPV.

HPV effects on pregnant women

It is important for a pregnant woman to undergo cervical cancer screening on a regular basis. The movement of the cells in the cervix area will be abnormal for a women who is suffering from HPV.

Can HPV be cured?

There isn’t any treatment available for the virus, but there are certainly some treatments available for the health issues caused by it.

  1. Genital Warts: These can be easily treated by taking the medicines that are prescribed by the doctor.
  2. Cervical Cancer: It can also be treated if a woman follows the treatment process properly.